Great Pacific Garbage Patch

The Great Pacific Garbage Patch formed gradually due to marine pollution gathered by oceanic currents.The patch is a mass of plastic larger than the state of Texas with the bulk of it suspended beneath the surface of the ocean. An estimated 80% of the garbage comes from land-based sources and 20% from ships.These long-lasting plastics end up in the stomachs of marine birds and animals like Sea Turtles and Black-Footed Albatross.

Unlike debris, which biodegrades, the plastic disintegrates into smaller and smaller pieces until small enough to be ingested by aquatic organisms These toxin-containing plastic pieces are also eaten by jellyfish, which are then eaten by larger fish. Many of these fish are then consumed by humans, resulting in their ingestion of toxic chemicals.Research has shown that this plastic marine debris affects at least 267 species worldwide.